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Informations about State(Uttarakhand) of India

The state is situated in the northern part of India. The state is formed after carving a piece from Uttar Pradesh. It borders Tibet on the north, Nepal on the east and Uttar Pradesh on the south. Dehradun, Haridwar, Haldwani, Roorkee, Almora, Mussourie, Nainital, Tanakpur, Ranikhet, Champawat and Srinagar are some of the most important places to visit in the state. Tourism is the main economic activity of the state and Jim Corbett National Park, Nanda Devi National Park, UNESCO World heritage Site are some of the best locations to explore. Chota Char Dham, IIT Roorkee, Forest Research Institute are very popular in the state.

  • Capital: Dehradun
  • Established: 9 November 2000
  • Largest City: Dehradun
  • Districts: 17
  • Government Body: Governor-Margaret Alva, Chief Minister-Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal
  • Legislature: Unicameral (71 seats)
  • Parliamentary Constituency: 5
  • High Court: Uttarakhand High Court
  • Region Total: 53,566 km2 (20,681.9 sq mi)
  • Region Rank: 18th
  • Population 2011: 10,116,752
  • Population Density: 188.9/km2 (489.2/sq mi)
  • Time Zone: IST (UTC+05:30)
  • ISO 3166 Code: IN-UL
  • Vehicle Registration: NA
  • HDI: 0.628 (medium)
  • HDI Rank: 12th (2005)
  • Literacy: 72% (10th)
  • Official Languages: Hindi, Sanskrit
  • Official Website: http://ua.nic.in/

History behind the state name :

The term Uttarakhand means the northern section. The term Uttarakhand can be found of early Hindu scriptures which depicted the central stretch of the Indian Himalayas. After independence the region came under the state of Uttar Pradesh till of 1998 it was divided from the state and named as Uttaranchal. But the then name spurred huge protests of the region and of December 2006 the state was renamed as Uttarakhand.


The total population is 10116752 with a growth rate of 19.17% of the last ten years. The population mainly comprises of the native people of Kumaoni, Garhwali and Gujjar.

Geographical situation:

The state’s 93% geographical area is covered by mountains. The northern part of the state is made up of the high Himalayan peaks and glaciers. Forests cover up to 64% of the state’s area. The state borders Tibet to the north Nepal to the north-east and the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh borders it of the west and south respectively.

Weather conditions:

Uttarakhand has two types of climates one is hilly and the other is plain region subtropical climate of the southern foot hills. Certain areas of the hills experience heavy snow fall during the winter. The average summer temperature can be measured up to 30 degree Celsius and winter temperature up to 18 degree Celsius of plains. The cool temperate conditions are found at the higher areas of the Middle Himalayas, where the summer temperatures are usually more or less 15 to 18 degree celsius and winters drop below the freezing point.

History of the State:

The history of Uttarakhand takes its dates back to the puranas and Vedic ages. The name is mentioned of the Hindu puranas as the abode of gods or dev bhoomi.

The region was originally reconciled by an austro-Asiatic physical type called Kols and later on was ruled by the The Pauravas, Kushanas, Kunindas, Guptas, Katyuris, Raikas, Palas, the Chands, Gurjars and lastly by the British before India’s independence.


The total population of the state has 963 females per 1000 males. The literacy rate is also emerging with the new age and the Upper caste of the Brahmins among the most significantity Hindus now comprise 20% of the total Hindu population. The main cities like Dehradoon, Haridwar, Haldwani, Roorkie and Rudrapur hold the most significant portion of the 72% literacy rate. Of late some foreign national reconcilements are found of Haridwar which make up for a varied demographical data of religion of the state.

Economical in order:

The economy of the state is mainly agricultural and forest timber based. The other significant economical activity of the state is the tourism and hospitality industry. of the current period a number of medicine factories are being set up of the state which makes up a lot of revenue for it. Dehradoon is famous for the ONGC and a number of Good educational institutions. Education is slowly emerging as a revenue generator for the state. The new industrial policy taken up of 2003 has seen a great upsurge of capital investment of the state.


The civilization of the state is basically Hindu traditional civilization. It boasts of the rich past of the Vedas and the puranas symbolized by religious festivities and penance and Yagnas. Though of recent past after the globalization effects and the coming up of technology the orthodox civilization is giving way to newer reforms and open minded activities are found of the region.


The cuisine of the state revolves round the vegan types of food. The region is termed as dev bhoomi, so the people coming from outside for pilgrimage strict to vegan dishes of Rice, Roti Vegetable curries and Sweet meats. The main non vegan dishes comprise of all types of Mughlai and north Indian Cuisine.


The carnivals of the state are generally Hindu carnivals of Holi, Dewali, Dussera, Janmastami, Ramnavami, Mahashivratri and Navratri. The Muslims of the region also celebrate their own carnivals of Id Bakree Id. Christians celebrate the Christmas and Easter which is now very famous among the population of the state.


The dominant religion of the region is Hinduism; with a total of 85% it forms the most significantity of the population of the state. The Muslims form 10.5% and the Sikhs form 2.5% of the whole. Christians, Buddhists, Jains and others form 0.5% of the populace.

Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Uttarakhand

Male Population : 1196576
Female Population : 1364447
Total Population : 2561023
Details of Geographical Information About Uttarakhand
State Name: Uttarakhand
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Uttarakhand, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Uttarakhand
List of Related Utilities of Uttarakhand on Detailsofindia.com