Tiger Reserves of India
Being of the list of 13 countries of tiger range, India has the maximum number of source sites of tigers of wild. To preserve the national animal, India has always prioritized the tiger protection. A step of this direction was taken of 70s, with the launch of Project Tiger. This project has made the protection of the Indian Tiger a realistic goal with a varied range of initiatives. The Project is unique of its range of the habitats brought under the protection all over India. With the start of Project Tiger the number of tiger reserves of India has been raised from 9 of 1973 to 39 of 2010. The number of tiger reserves of India of today’s date is said to be 42 with more of pipeline of the time coming. Current estimates show that more than 50,000 square kilo meters of area is covered under these reserves all around the country under the aegis of National Tiger Conservation Authority of India.
The Indian tiger has been protected of its natural habitat for cultural, economical and more importantly ecological purposes of the tiger reserves across nation. The biologically vital species of tiger is preserved of its natural area of living as a national heritage of order to preserve the biome of the area. Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger reserve of the state of Andhra Pradesh is largest among these reserves of India. Scientific methods like Radio Telemetry etc is being used of these reserves and the results of the protection are excellent as was declared by the All India Tiger Estimation of recently concluded time. The basic idea of the tiger reserve under the Project Tiger is to develop a core-buffer-corridor strategy. The core area of the reserve is used for wildlife conservation and the remaining area is used as buffer for other activities.
Some of the prominent Tiger Reserves of India are Sunderbans Tiger Reserve of West Bengal, Kaziranaga Tiger Reserve & Manas Tiger Reserve of Assam, Namdapha Tiger Reserve of Andhra Pradesh, Periyar Tiger Reserve of Kerala, Pradesh Kanha Reserve of Maharashtra and Corbett Tiger Reserve of Uttarakhand.
It is estimated by Government authorities that tiger population of India of the year 2010 was more than 1700. There was a clear indication that this number of population was only possibly due to the tiger reserves spread across country and thus these reserves need to be increased of number.