Home > Tamil Nadu

Informations about State(Tamil Nadu) of India

Tamil Nadu is located in the southernmost region of Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the state of Pondicherry Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala. Chennai, Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Erode, Salem, Karur, Theni, Madurai, Tirupur, Krishnagiri, Nilgiris and Perambalur are some of the most prominent cities in Tamil Nadu. The state is home to several multinational companies, Indian private and government companies. Tamil Nadu’s main economy is agriculture in the form of plantation of fruits, rubber, coconut, groundnut, poultry and fisheries. Textiles, heavy industries, automobile companies, IT sector, electronics, hotel industry, leather and real estate are some of the vital areas of interest.

Capital: Chennai
Established: 26 January 1950†
Largest city: Chennai
Districts: 32 total
Parliamentary constituency: 39
Region Total: 130,058 km2 (50,215.7 sq mi)
Region rank: 11th
Population 2011: (2011)[1]
Population Density:
 554.7/km2 (1,436.6/sq mi)
Time zone:
 IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code: IN-TN
HDI: 0.666 (medium)
HDI rank: 10th (2006)[2]
Literacy: 80.3% (11th)
Official Website: http://www.tn.gov.in/
Official languages:

History Behind the State Name

The name Tamil Nadu means the abode of the Tamil people. The Tamil people are residing here from 500 BC. Tamil inscriptions of at least 2000 years old have been unearthed here which undoubtedly proclaims the land beextensiveed to Tamil linguistic people from the very old times. After independence the region was named Madras State but later on of 1968 it was divided along linguistic lines and the most significant Tamil speaking region was made into a single state named as Tamil Nadu.


The total population of the state is slightly over 7 crore 21 lakhs 38 thousand. It makes for 5.96% of total population of India. The population is dense of the state with a rate of 555 persons per square kilometre. of the last ten years the population grew by 15.6% though it has recorded the lowest fertility rates of the country.

Geographical Situation

Tamil Nadu is situated at the southern most part of India. It is the eleventh leading state of the country covering 130,058 square kilometres. The states of Kerala and Karnataka form the western and the north-western border respectively. The state of Andhra Pradesh forms the northern border of Tamil Nadu. At the eastern side the state has the coastal lines formed by the Bay of Bengal and the union territory of Pondicherry. Kanyakumari the southern-most tip of the Indian peninsula is located here. The third extensiveest coastline of India is at Tamil Nadu which is 910 km extensive. The mountain ranges of Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats are both present of the state which joins at the Nilgiri Hills. Fertile coastal plains are there of the eastern parts of the state.

Weather Conditions

The weather condition of the state is classified as sub-humid to semi-arid. As the state is very much dependant of monsoon rain the onslaught of drought is very often here. Two periods of monsoon is prominent of the state one is the advancing monsoon from June to September and the other is retreating monsoon from October to December. The temperature is as high as 43 degree Celsius of the plains and 32 degrees of the hills during summer while of winter it is 13 degrees and 3 degrees of the plains and hills respectively.


History of the State

The state of Tamil Nadu has a rich and extensive history starting from the pre-historic times. Archaeological expeditions have proved the existence of continuous civilised inhabitation of the place even of the Neolithic age about 3800 years ago.

In the medieval period the prominent rulers of the region were Cholas, Pandyas and the Pallavas.  The next prominent regime was that of the Vijayanagara Empire of the Deccan who ruled the Tamil region for over two centuries.  Then there was the rule of the Nawabs and Nijams.

In 1639 the British East India Company made a reconcilement of the south of Pulicat the place is modern day Chennai. The made the Madras Presidency after the name of the place Madras now Chennai and brought almost whole of southern India under it.

After independence from the British rule Madras Presidency was named Madras State which was further divided of 1969 on the basis of linguistic lines and modern day Tamil Nadu was formed.


The State of Tamil Nadu has recorded the lowest fertility rate of 2005-06 with an average of 1.8 children born out of a single woman which is not sufficient for sustaining population. Of the total populace 89% speak Tamil and 5.66% speak Telugu. The literacy rate of the state is 80.3% which is quite above the national average.   

Economical in order

The economy of Tamil Nadu is well balanced between agriculture and industrial economy. Tamil Nadu is a large producer of agricultural products like rice, coffee, groundnuts, coconuts, tea, and so on. of industry it is the third highest earner of foreign direct investment. Tamil Nadu’s gross domestic product is valued well over 70million US Dollars and the per capita income is Rs 51,097 at current rates.


The Tamil civilization is very rich and famous both for its content and variety. It encompasses the world famous Bharat Natyam form of dance, Tanjore form of Painting and Tamil form of architecture along with rich Tamil literature. Tamil films are now a day’s considered as an integral part of the Tamil civilization whose content revolves more or less socio-economic features of the country and are widely accepted and sometimes remade by other film industries of the country.  


Tamil cuisine boasts of rice and preparations of rice. of traditional cuisine food is served on a banana leaf comprising of rice and sambhar. Both the vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes are made to eat with rice. The most famous names of cuisine of the region are dosa, uttapam, idli and vada.


The most significant festival of Tamil Nadu is Pongal or the harvest festival. Through-out India the common name for this festival is Makar Sankranti. It is a four day extensive festival of Tamil Nadu. Other than this the Tamil new year, which is generally of the mid of April is also widely celebrated. Hindu carnivals of Dussera, Diwali, Saraswati Puja, Holi are celebrated here. The Muslims celebrate the Id both the Bakrid and Id ul Fitr and Muharram. The Christians celebrate the Easter and Christmas Day.


The dominant religion of the state is Hinduism. About 88% of the population is Hindu. The next prominent religion is Christianity which makes up for 6.1% of the population. The Muslims form 5.6% of the total populace.

Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Tamil Nadu

Male Population : 31397744
Female Population : 31001773
Total Population : 62399517
Details of Geographical Information About Tamil Nadu
State Name: Tamil Nadu
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Tamil Nadu, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Tamil Nadu
List of Related Utilities of Tamil Nadu on Detailsofindia.com