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Informations about State(Sikkim) of India

The state is considered to be extremely beautiful and is located in the north eastern part of India bordering the legendary Himalayas. The state is cornered by Nepal in the west and China in the north and Bhutan in the south east. Gangtok, Mangan, Geyzing, Lachen, Lambi, Kanchenjanga, Yukson, Legship, Singtam, Rangpo and Melli are some of the most exquisite cities of the state. The state is home to several national parks and gorgeous hill stations. Breweries, distilleries, tanning, watch making are the main industries of the state. Copper, dolomite, talc, graphite, quartzite, coal, zinc and lead are also processed in the state.

  • Capital: Gangtok
  • Established: 16 May 1975
  • Largest City: Gangtok
  • Districts: 4
  • Government Body: Governor-Balmiki Prasad Singh, Chief Minister-Pawan Chamling
  • Legislature: Unicameral (32 seats)
  • Parliamentary Constituency: 1
  • High Court: NA
  • Region Total: 7,096 km2 (2,739.8 sq mi)
  • Region Rank: 27th
  • Population 2011: 607,688
  • Population Density: 85.6/km2 (221.8/sq mi)
  • Time Zone: IST (UTC+05:30)
  • ISO 3166 Code: IN-SK
  • Vehicle Registration: NA
  • HDI:  0.684 (medium)
  • HDI Rank: 7th (2005)
  • Literacy: 76.6% (7th)
  • Official Website: http://www.sikkim.gov.in/
  • Official Languages: Nepali (lingua franca), Bhutia, Lepcha (since 1977), Limbu (since 1981), Newari, Rai, Gurung, Mangar, Sherpa, Tamang (since 1995) and Sunwar (since 1996).

History behind the state name :

The word Sikkim means new palace. The name Sikkim is derived from Limbu words su khyim meaning new house. Historians are of the opinion that the name bears resemblance to the new palace built by its first monarch Phuntsog Namgyal.


The population of Sikkim is mainly comprised of the Himalayan ethnic groups of Nepalis, Bhutias, Lepchas and Tibetans. Together they form the native Sikkimese population. The total population of Sikkim as per the 2011 census is slightly over 6 lakhs 7 thousand. Of the total population almost 24% people live of urban areas of the 9 most significant towns of the state.

Geographical situation:

Sikkim is a thumb shaped land-locked Indian state of the Himalayan terrain. The state is bordered by neighbouring countries of Nepal to the West, Tibet to the North and East and Bhutan to the South-east. The only domestic neighbouring state of Sikkim is West Bengal which borders it at the south. Sikkim has a mountainous terrain with heights ranging from 280 metres to 8,585 metres. Kanchenjunga the third highest peak of the world is at the border of Sikkim and Nepal. Snowfed small streams meeting to the Teesta river, mountain slopes, dense forests that cover one-third of the state’s land and the natural hilly lakes make up the beautiful terrain of Sikkim.


The least populous state of India is Sikkim with a density of 86 persons per square kilometer of which the most significantity of the permanent residents are Nepalese. The Bhutias who migrated from Tibet and Lepchas who are believed to be of far eastern origin are among the native people of the state. Of the total population 321,661 are males and 286,027 are females. The growth rate of the population is 12.35 % of the state.

Economical in order:

The per capita income Sikkim is 11,356 which is one of the highest of the country. The economy is mainly dependant on agriculture or terrace farming. Sikkim is the highest producer of cardamoms of India. Heavy industries are absent but breweries distilleries and watch-making industries are found here. Sikkim’s economy has grown 14 times higher than what it was of the 1990’s due to the promotion of the tourism industry. The overall economic growth is 8.3% which is the second highest of the country.

Weather conditions:

There are five prominent seasons of Sikkim as winter, summer, spring, autumn and monsoon. The climate is sub-tropical of the southern part of the state while tundra type prevails of the northern part. The regions with temperate climate are most populous. of summer temperature seldom crosses 28 degrees mark but of winter -40 degrees is not abnormal. During the monsoon season – from June to September the state experiences heavy rain which sometimes runs continuously for 11 days accompanied by heavy fog as of winter.

History of the State:

Sikkim has a history that dates back to the days of Buddhist saint guru Rinpoche who passed from beginning to end this land and introduced Buddhism here. Centuries later Phuntsog Namgyal was accepted as the king by the Lamas and monarchy was established of Sikkim.
Before the advent of the British of India and after the first monarch Sikkim faced many raids by the Bhutanese and the Nepalese. Sikkim joined hands with the British to fight the Nepalese. Later on Sikkim became a British Protectorate.

In 1947 when the British left the subcontinent Sikkim did not join the Indian union but later on of 1973 when the monarch became most unpopular of the state Sikkim joined the Indian union and the Indian Army formally took over the arms of the palace guards abolishing monarchy from the state and Sikkim became the 22nd state of the republic of India on 16th May 1975.


The civilization here is a mix of Nepalese and the Bhutanese with tradition Hindu trends. The terrain and the climate predisposed the dresses of the people and they are one of the toughest and strongest of the country. Buddhism grasped a wide impact on the civilization of Sikkim.


The main cuisine consists of noodles like thukpa, chowmein and wonton. The most celebrated dish of Sikkim is Momos. Momos are steamed dumplings filled with vegetables or chicken or meat and served to eat with a soup. of consumption of alcohol the state ranks next to Punjab and Haryana of the country. 


The most significantity of the Hindu population Rejoices all the carnivals of The Hindu calendar as Holi, Dewali and Dussera. The Nepali carnivals of Tihar and Bhimsen Puja are also celebrated of the state. The Buddhist carnivals are also commonly celebrated by the people. Losar – the Tibetan newyear is an significant event when all institutions are closed for a week. of recent days Christmas is promoted to attract tourists of the festive season.


The Hindu religion is the most significant religion of the state. But there are also a great number of Buddhists who have lived for extensive of this region. The Tibetan migrants form a considerable part of the population who are mostly Buddhists. Other than this a few number of Christians and Muslim religious people are found of the state.


Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Sikkim

Male Population : 288484
Female Population : 252367
Total Population : 540851
Details of Geographical Information About Sikkim
State Name: Sikkim
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Sikkim, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Sikkim
List of Related Utilities of Sikkim on Detailsofindia.com