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Informations about State(Punjab) of India

Punjab is a state in North West India, forming division of the bigger Punjab region. The state is cornered by Indian controlled Kashmir, the Indian regions of Himachal Pradesh covering northeast, Chandigarh to the east and Haryana to the south. The major cities of Punjab are Chandigarh, Patiala, Ludhiana, Mohali, Amritsar, Bhatinda, Jalandhar and Moga. Agriculture is the main economic activity of the state. The state is considered to be the largest supplier of wheat to the government of India. Scientific equipments, electronic goods, mechanism tools, financial services, textiles, sports products, starch, sewing machines, garments, cycles and fertilizers are also produced in the above mentioned cities of Punjab.

  • Capital: 1966-11-01
  • Established: 1966-11-01
  • Largest city: Ludhiana
  • Districts: 22
  • Government Body: Governor - Nish G, Chief Minister - Parkash Singh Badal
  • Legislature: Unicameral (117 seats)
  • Parliamentary constituency: 13
  • High Court: Punjab and Haryana High Court
  • Region Total: 50,362 km2 (19,444.9 sq mi
  • Region rank: 19th
  • Population 2011: 27,704,236
  • Population Density: 550.1/km2 (1,424.8/sq mi)
  • Time zone: IST (UTC+05:30)
  • ISO 3166 code: IN-PB
  • Vehicle registration: NA
  • HDI: 0.679 (medium)
  • HDI rank: 9th (2005)
  • Literacy: 76.68%
  • Official Website: http://punjabgovt.nic.in/
  • Official languages: Punjabi

Preface to Punjab:

The name Punjab of various languages denotes the Land of Five Rivers that is of Sanskrit, Urdu, and Persian. Before partition of India and Pakistan the state had five rivers and due to that reason it became the granary of British Empire of India. After partition three rivers went to Pakistan's Panjab and rest two remained of India's Punjab. It stands of the midst of the states of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana  and Rajasthan of India and towards south west of India is the Pakistani province of Punjab. The capital of Punjab is Chandigarh, that is managed independently as an Union Territory because it is shared with the state of Haryana as the capital.

The soil of Punjab is very fertile so is very good for agriculture and vegetation and an excellent irrigation canal system and many rivers falling of .The state sits at the foot of the Himalayas of its north eastern region

Punjab has extreme climatic conditions that are too cold or too hot like the annual temperature of Punjab range from -2 to 40 °C , can reach 47 °C (117 °F) of summer of the months of April to June and -4 °C of winter of the months of December to February. Other than these two of the months of July to September it is monsoon and a period of heavy rainfall.

History of Punjab

The history of Punjab has seen a lot of changes and influences on the cultural and ethnic values of the people of the region. This state has been of existence since the time of Mahabhaata of the name of Panchanada. It has been under the influence of Gandhara, Mahajanapadas, Nandas, Mauryas, Sungas, Kushans, Guptas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas and Hindu Shahis. Cultivation grew well due to which the trade of the areas of Jalandhar and Ludhiana expanded nicely.

As it is centrally located it was invaded by British and was their head quarter to rule India. Later of 1946 Punjab was partitioned and East Punjab was given away to Pakistan. The year 1950, saw the birth of two more states; the previous Raj province came to be known as today's state of Punjab, other ones were Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) which were formed by combining the erstwhile significant states.

Punjab is the “Granary of India” as it has the most fertile soil on earth and the irrigation system is the best of the country. Farming and cultivation is the most significant livelihood of the state and next to it are few more main ways of revenue from the making of scientific instruments, electrical goods, machine tools, textiles, tourism, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, fertilizers, bicycles, and the processing of pine oil and sugar.

Culture of Punjab

The civilization of Punjab is very colourful and stimulating. It has a extensive history of poetry, storytelling, dance, music and a mix of wide range of cuisine. All the aspects of the Punjabi civilization are predisposed by a lot of civilisations and we cannot say which one it depicts. The dance tradition includes Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and Sammi. The dresses people wear are very flashy and colourful. Basic dress code is salwar suit for the women and the men wear dhothis and kurta. A Punjabi marriage customs and celebrations are a fine expression of Punjabi civilization. Wedding ceremonies are famous for their rich customs, food, music, dresses, and dances which have come up over for centuries. of these functions the variety of Punjabi cuisine can be seen which has the mixture of various civilization across the world that have invaded and predisposed Punjab. The language spoken of Punjab is Punjabi whose script is written of Gurmukhi, it is one of the official languages of India and is also spoken of lot of places other than India like of parts of UK, Canada, and Pakistan. It is the 11th most popular language of the world.

They celebrate carnivals with joy and fun like Lohri, Holi, Baisakhi, Teej etc. The main religion followed of the state is Sikhism other than Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam.

Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Punjab

Male Population : 14595290
Female Population : 12761867
Total Population : 27357980
Details of Geographical Information About Punjab
State Name: Punjab
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Punjab, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Punjab
List of Related Utilities of Punjab on Detailsofindia.com