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Informations about State(Maharashtra) of India

Capital: Mumbai
Established: 1 May 1960 (Maharashtra Day)
Largest city: Mumbai by population, Pune by area
Districts: 35 total
Parliamentary constituency: 48
High Court: Bombay High Court
Region Total: 307,713 km2 (118,808.7 sq mi)
Region rank: 3rd
Population 2011: (2011)[2]
Population Density:
 365.2/km2 (945.8/sq mi)
Time zone:
 IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code: IN-MH
HDI: 0.689 (medium)
HDI rank: 12th (2005)
Literacy: 82.9% (6th)
Official Website: http://maharashtra.gov.in/
Official languages:
 Marathi

Culture

The civilization of Maharashtra is famous for its richness and diversity. Marathi is the official language and Hinduism is the religion followed by most significantity of the people of Maharashtra. Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism etc. are also followed by minor community. The state is also famous for its dance and music. Some of the dance forms are Povada, Lavani, Koli etc. and Dhangri Gaja, Dindi, Kala and Tamasha are some of the folk dances performed of the state.
There are many religious carnivals of Maharashtra. Some of them are :

  • Ganesh Chaturthi
  • Vijayadashami
  • Navaratri
  • Holi
  • Diwali

The State of Maharashtra, the third leading state and the second most populous state of India has a distinct civilization with many religious carnivals, mouthwatering cuisines and a variety of art forms.

Maharashtra Preface

Maharashtra is the third leading state of India. The name is derived from Sanskrit words “Maha” means “Great’ and “Rashtra” means “Nation”. The name Maharashtra is believed to be originated from the word “rathi’ means ‘chariot driver”. The presence of the state was found of the history with the construction of Buddhist caves of the third century BC. Maharashtra was formed on May 1st,1960 with Bombay as the capital.

Maharashtra is located on the western part of India and a most significant part of the state lies of the high Deccan plateau. It covers an area of more or less 9.84% of the total geographical area of India and 17% of the state is covered by forests. Mumbai, the capital city is the leading city of India and financial capital of the nation. Official language is Marathi and is spoken by more or less 68.89% of the population, but Hindi and English is also widely used.

Maharashtra is the second most populous state of India. Hinduism is the most significant religion followed of the state. Christianity, Islam, Jainism are some other belief followed of Maharashtra. Zoroastrians also called as Parsis are also found of the state.

Maharashtra has a moderate climate and differs between 16oC and 35oC. March, April and May are the hottest months. Monsoon starts of the month of June and ends by September. But even of the monsoon season, many parts of inner Maharashtra gets only a very less rainfall and remains dry compared to other regions. Winter season is between the months of November and February.

History

Maratha nation was created by Chhatrapati Shivaji of the 17th century. Around one-third of the Indian subcontinent was under the Maratha power by 1960. British Raj came into power after the third Anglo-Maratha war. Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti played a most significant role of making all the Marathi speaking regions into one state after the Indian Independence. The present Maharashtra state was created on 1st May, 1960 and is celebrated as the Maharashtra Day.

The second most populous state of India is Maharashtra. Marathi is the official language of the region. Marathi speaking people is more or less 68.89%. This rate is declining and survey shows that there is a rise of the Hindi speaking population. The literacy rate is 77.27% of its total population.

Mumbai is the financial capital of India. Maharashtra is one of the leading industrial states and it influences the economic growth of the state. There are many factors which contribute to the economic growth of the state. They are:

  • Industries – Chemical and allied products, electrical and non-electrical machinery, textile, petroleum etc.
  • Agriculture – Food crops like rice, jowar, wheat etc. and cash crops like groundnut, turmeric etc.
  • Banking and Bombay Stock Exchange
  • in order technology
  • Shipyards
  • Hindi filmmaking industry – Bollywood
  • Automobile industry

Maharashtrians also celebrate other carnivals like Christmas, EID etc. Buddhist community Rejoices carnivals like Buddha Purnima and Bhim Jayanti.

There are a variety of dishes of Maharashtra ranging from very mild to spicy dishes. Vegetables, fruits, wheat, lentils, rice etc. are the most common things included of their diet. The cuisine is mainly predisposed by the crops cultivated of the regions. Chapatti, bhaji, salad and pickle, papad or chutneys is the typical Maharashtrian lunch or dinner. Non-vegeterian dishes are also prepared using chicken, mutton, fish and other seafood.

Maharashtrian cusine also have variety of snack items like pohay, chivda, vada pav, missal pav etc. There are a number of sweets/desserts of their cuisine. Some of the sweets are festival delicacies like modak, puran poli, varieties of ladoos etc.

 

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Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Maharashtra

Male Population : 141720470
Female Population : 129098014
Total Population : 274096345
Details of Geographical Information About Maharashtra
State Name: Maharashtra
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Maharashtra, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Maharashtra
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