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Informations about State(Madhya Pradesh) of India

Madhya Pradesh is called the heart of India as it is located an central India. It is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. This state comprises of 48 districts tat are grouped into eight divisions, namely: Bhopal, Chambal, Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur, Rewa, Sagar and Ujjain. The capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal which is a centre for several industries that include cotton, chemicals, jewelry and electrical goods. Madhya Pradesh is also a very popular tourist destination of India and attracts many historians and archaelogists.Khajuraho, Rock shelters of Bhimbetka, lakes, Natural preserves are very well known in Madhya Pradesh.

Capital: Bhopal
Established: 1956-11-01
Largest city: Jabalpur
Districts: 50
Parliamentary constituency: 29
High Court: Madhya Pradesh High Court
Region Total: 308,252 km2 (119,016.8 sq mi)
Region rank: 2nd
Population 2011: (2011)
Population Density:
 245.6/km2 (636/sq mi)
Time zone:
 IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code: IN-MP
HDI: 0.488 (low)
HDI rank: 26th (2005)
Literacy: 76.5% (8th)
Official Website: http://www.mp.gov.in/
Official languages:
 Hindi

The State of Madhya Pradesh known as the “Heart of India” is famous for its architectural and scenic beauty with a number of carnivals, awesome cuisines and its art forms.

Madhya Pradesh Preface

Madhya Pradesh is also known as the “Heart of India”. Since this region is the central state of India, it is named as Madhya Pradesh. History of Madhya Pradesh starts from 1st November, 1956. of the year 2000, the state is divided into new Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. It is the second leading state by area and the sixth leading by population.

According to 2011 census, the population of Madhya Pradesh is 7,25,97,565 million. Majority of the people lives of villages and agriculture is the main occupation. The literacy rate is 63.7%. Tribals form most significantity of the population and is calculated to be more or less 20.27% of the total population. The main tribal groups are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhadia etc.

Madhya Pradesh lies of the central part of India, having Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand as the neighboring states. Major part of the state is covered by forests. Many significant rivers like Narmada, Chambal, Tapti, Shipra, Sone, Mahanadi, Indravati and Betwa River flows from beginning to end Madhya Pradesh. Major part of the region lies of the Deccan Plateau.

Tropic of Cancer passes from beginning to end the state and it highly influences the climate of the region making it very harsh. Summers are extreme hot and starts more or less the middle of February till the end of July. Monsoon starts by mid of June and ends by September. Winters start by the mid of November and lasts up to mid of February. This region has a short monsoon and winter seasons.

History

Historical evidences shows that a number of famous empires from the Mauryans to Mughals ruled the state. British conquered the power after the third Anglo-Maratha war. After Indian independence, Madhya Pradesh was formed on 1st November, 1956. Madhya Pradesh was divided into the present Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh on 1st November, 2000. Bhopal is the capital city of the new Madhya Pradesh.

Madhya Pradesh is a mixture of many tribal and ethnic groups. Around 91.1% of the total population is Hindus. Madhya Pradesh also have a minority community who follows other belief like Christianity, Islam, Jainism, Buddhism etc. Scheduled castes and scheduled people are also a part of the population. Official language of the state is Hindi.

The economic growth rate of the region was very low between 1999 and 2008. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Madhya Pradesh. There are many natural elements which helps of the economic growth rate and some of them are:

  • Coal, Iron, Manganese and bauxite of the soil
  • Limestone deposits and marble
  • Diamond bed
  • Textile industry
  • Huge plants of the public sector (Bhilai Steel Plant, Heavy Electrical etc.)
  • Traditional village crafts
  • Agriculture

Culture
The civilization of Madhya Pradesh is very much predisposed by the tribal and non-tribal community of the region. The state can be termed as the cultural museum of India. The state is famous for its architecture and scenic beauty. Khajuraho group of monuments including Devi Jagadambi Temple and Buddhist monuments at Sanchi is one among the World Heritage Sites of the state.

Madhya Pradesh has many exclusive folk dance forms like Karma, Jawara, Tertali, Lehangi, Ahiri Dance, Yadav Dance etc. The region has also a prominent role of Hindustani classical music and Dhrupad is a confined genre of it. Tansen festival is celebrated every year at Gwalior. Gwalior Gharana started during the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar is one of the oldest Khayal Gharanas.

Majority of the people of Madhya Pradesh are Hindus. Minority community of Christians, Jains, Buddhists, Muslims, Sikhs also form a part of the population. Main official language is Hindi and Malwi, Chhattisgarhi, Bundelkhandi etc. are the other confined languages of the region. Madhya Pradesh also has a number of colorful carnivals like

  • Madai festival of Bastar
  • Khajuraho festival of dance
  • Tansen music festival at Gwalior
  • Shivrathri Mela
  • Navrathri
  • Chethiyagiri Vihara festival at Sanchi
  • Fair of Nagaji
  • Nimar Utsav
  • Bahgoriya

In addition to the native carnivals, the region also Rejoices Diwali, Dusshera etc.

The cuisine of Madhya Pradesh has awesome variety of dishes. Both vegetarian and non-vegetarian as well as many festive dishes are also included of the cuisine. Bhutte ki kees, chaaki ka shak etc. are some of the famous dishes of the region. Some of the famous sweet dishes are 'mawa-bati', 'khoprapak', 'shreekhand' and 'malpua'. Non-veg delicacies include the spicy rogan josh, korma, seekh kabab, shami kabab etc. Madhya Pradesh is the best place for snack and sweet lovers.

 

Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Madhya Pradesh

Male Population : 97246250
Female Population : 86907116
Total Population : 184629328
Details of Geographical Information About Madhya Pradesh
State Name: Madhya Pradesh
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Madhya Pradesh, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Madhya Pradesh
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