Languages In India
India is a country which has with her at least 1652 languages spoken by people as their mother tongue, while experts are of opinion that there are many thousands of languages and dialects practiced at various part of this wide and large country, the Language Hindi being spoken by 41% of the people, which has made the country opting it as the Country’s National language, under the provisions of the Constitution of India, and the script to be in Devnagari which is the common form of Hindi writing.
The remaining part of the people speaking different languages, particularly in the East, Bengali being the language and the southern part of the country speaking four distinct and different Dravidian languages, viz., Tamil, Telugu, Kanada and Malayalam, apart from Tulu in some region, each of these languages spoken predominantly in these States, which are in fact formed on the basis of the language factor only, even ignoring other aspects of Geographical advantages, the Central Government has opted to pronounce English also as the Official language, which provides a beautiful link among all the citizens of the country hailing from different regions.
In fact, the most of the Languages of India have emanated from several language family sources , the majority of them from the Indo-Aryan languages, which can be considered as a part of Indo European languages, spoken by almost 74% of Indians , apart from the Dravidian languages spoken by 23% of Indians in the southern part of the country having different origins, the remaining languages belonging to the Tibeto-Burman, Austro-Asiatic, and a few minor language families from a few other unknown sources.
Starting with 14, today there are about 22 official languages in the Country, however, the legal sanction for pronouncing some language as official has been stabilized through some parliamentary process, there are claims for forming separate States on the basis of language spoken by some areas , which have erupted issues in some States in the form of political pressures.
Many people in India are also concerned with the Language Sanskrit, which was the language of the vedic period in this country, the language in which the great epics of the country Ramayan and Mahabharat had been scripted, becoming almost extinct, while a section of people who love this language are making best efforts to revamp and rejuvenate this language.
With Hindi declared as the Country’s Official language, most of the States in India, have the regional languages as their official language, along with English, as a second official language, it is another interesting point that there are different dialects for the same language in different parts of the region or State, in some cases quite different from the basic language pattern.