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Informations about State(Karnataka) of India

Karnataka is India’s 8th largest state. Its capital is Bangalore. Karnataka is situated on the Deccan Plateau and is surrounded by Maharashtra, Goa, Kerala, Andra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu And the famous Arabian Sea. Karnataka’s economy is dependent on gold, manganese, silk, oilseed, coffee and sandalwood production. It is amazing to know that India’s 90 per cent gold is obtained from this state. Moreover Karnataka’s booming industries include Real Estate, Consultancies, Travel and Tourism and Education. One will find many educational institutions springing there. Hotel industry and insurance Industry are also popular there. Due to its capital, Bangalore This state is progressing fast.

Capital: Thiruvananthapuram
Established: 1 November 1956
Largest city: Thiruvananthapuram
Districts: 14 total
Parliamentary constituency: 20
High Court: Kerala High Court
Region Total: 38,863 km2 (15,005.1 sq mi)
Region rank: 21st
Population 2011: (2011)[1]
Population Density:
 859.1/km2 (2,225.1/sq mi)
Time zone:
 IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code: IN-KL
HDI: 0.925 (very high)
HDI rank: 1st (2011)
Literacy: 99%[2][3] (1st)
Official Website: http://kerala.gov.in/
Official languages:
 Malayalam

Kerala known as “Gods own country” is famous for its exclusive civilization. The Strength of mind of keralites of various fields like arts and literature, agriculture etc. are the most significant factors which help of the economic growth.

Kerala Preface

Kerala is the southernmost state of India and is known as “Gods Own Country”. The name Kerala is originated after the first ruler “Keralian” who ruled one of the provinces of the early centuries. Malabar, Cochin and Travancore were the three provinces before Kerala was formed. The State of Kerala was created on 1st November, 1956 and this day is celebrated as the “Kerala Piravi” means “Birth of Kerala” by the Keralites. Kerala is a narrow stretch of land with Arabian Sea on one side.

There are some myths regarding the origin of Kerala. According to the Brahminical myth, sixth incarnation of MahaVishnu “Parasurama” threw his axe into the sea. The place of the sea where the axe landed receded to form the land of Kerala. Puranas says that Kerala is also called as “Parasurama Kshetram” ie, “The Land of Parasurama” since the piece of land was created by him.

As per the studies, 3.44% of India’s population is of Kerala. Majority of the population is spread along the coastal regions, whereas the western ghats are less populated. Hinduism, Islam and Christianity are the most significant belief followed of Kerala. The official language of Kerala is Malayalam and 96% of the Keralites speak Malayalam.

Kerala spans an area of more or less 38,863 km2 lies between Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. Kerala is divided into three geographical divisions based on its physical features.

  • Eastern Highlands
  • Central Midlands
  • Western Lowlands

The average daily temperature of Kerala differs between a minimum of 19.8 oC to a maximum of 36.7 oC.

History

History of Kerala shows its presence even of the Neolithic age from the very old pictorial writings of the Stone Age carvings which is believed to be present of 5000 BC. Kerala established itself as a most significant spice trade center from early 3000 BC. The region was ruled by Chera Dynasty more or less 1 BC. The neighboring Chola Empire and Rashtrakuta Empire took over the power after 14th century from beginning to end repeated attacks. Subsequently Namboodiri Brahmin and Nair city-states took over the power.

Advent of Vasco Da Gama of 1498 increased the spice trade. British conquered the region of 1795 and of the year 1956, the State of Kerala was formed.

Kerala’s official language is Malayalam and is spoken by 96% of the keralites. Tamil, tulu, kannada, Konkani speakers are also there. Tribal adivasis including Irulars, Kurumbas and Mudugars are also a part of the population of Kerala. Hinduism, Islam and Christianity are the most significant belief of Kerala.

From the economic point of view, a tremendous growth is there of Kerala. The most significant reason behind this is the highest literacy rate of India. Agriculture plays an significant role of the economic growth. Some of the other factors are tourism, foreign remittances, infrastructure etc.

Culture

The civilization of Kerala is very exclusive and a mixture of Dravidian and Aryan civilizations. Onam, annual harvest festival and Vishu are the main carnivals celebrated of Kerala. Sports realted activities and fun is mainly involved durind the Onam season.Keralites also celebrate other carnivals like Christmas, Ramzan, Holi etc.

Most of the people are lovers of art and literature. Kerala have many exclusive traditional art form. Some of them are :

  • Kathakali – a form od dance-drama
  • Koodiyattom - a form of Sanskrit drama
  • Koothu – Light-hearted performance including comedy
  • Mohiniyattam – Performed by women including graceful movements
  • Thullal – a form of story telling
  • Theyyam – Associated with temple carnivals
  • Kummattikali – Colourful mask-dance of South Malabar
  • Oppana – Performed by the Muslims of malabar
  • Margam Kali – Round group dance performed by Christian community

Kerala has a exclusive form of martial arts ie, kalarippayattu. Vallamkali (boat race) is another exclusive sports which is enjoyed by keralites and it is a part of the Onam celebration.

Kerala is also famous for its variety of spicy vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. Traditional vegetarian sadhya is very famous as it is served on banana leaf with steamed rice and many side-dishes. Coconut is one of the main ingredients used of most of the dishes. Lots of exclusive and healthy steamed dishes are also there like Puttu, Ela Ada, Appam etc.

 

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Male Population : 75890665
Female Population : 73528363
Total Population : 149419028
Details of Geographical Information About Karnataka
State Name: Karnataka
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Karnataka, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Karnataka
Related Utilities to Karnataka on Detailsofindia.com