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Informations about State(Jharkhand) of India

It was 15th of November when, from Bihar, new state was carved out and was named as Jharkhand. Its capital is ‘Ranchi’.

As far as the physical location of this place is concerned, this state is located on the Chota Nagpur Plateau. Its surrounding states are Bihar to the north, Orissa to the South, West Bengal to the east, and on the west are Uttar Pradesh and Chattisgarh.

TISCO and Bokaro, two of the country’s biggest steel plants are located here. Jharkhand is very famous for its forest reserves and mineral wealth. It is also famous for the tourism industry due to which, many high-class luxury hotels are thronging here.

Jharkhand : Quick Look:

Established: 15 November 2000
Capital: Ranchi
Largest city: Jamshedpur
Government Body: Government of India, Government of Jharkhand
Legislature: Unicameral (81 seats)
Parliamentary constituency: Jharkhand
High Court: Ranchi High Court
Region Total: 74,677 km2
Region rank: 15th
Population 2011: 32,966,238
Population Density:
Time zone:
IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code: IN-JH
Vehicle registration: JH
HDI: 0.513s
HDI rank: 24th (2005)
Literacy: 67.63% (27th)
Official Website: http://jharkhand.nic.in
Official languages:

Seal of Bihar State
Seal of Jharkhand State

The State of Jharkhand came into existence on 15th November 2000 with Ranchi as its Capital City. Jharkhand is governed by the Ministers and the executive powers vests with the Chief Minister of the State. The political party that has most significantity of votes of the State Assembly forms the Government. The State is headed by the Governor, who is nominated by the President of India. The State ranks 15th of terms of area with the boundaries extending to 74,667 sq kms. It has a literacy rate of 67.63 % making it rank 27th amongst Indian States.

Bokaro steel plant, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur, etc are highly industrialised cities of Jharkhand.  After Sindri, Dhanbad, Bokaro is the leading Steel Plant. When functional, the Sindri steel plant was first of its Kind of India. Even the first Iron & Steel factory at Jamshedpur is at Jharkhand. The state is also known for having the biggest factory of explosives at Gomia and the first ever methane gas well at Bokaro (Parbatpur).

The topographical extent of Jharkhand extends to 28,833 sq mi (74,677 sq kms). Though Jamshedpur is the leading city of that State, Ranchi is the capital city which is industrialized completely and sub capital is Dumka. Hazaribagh, Dhanbad and Bokaro are other most significant cities of Jharkhand.

The name is derived from the words "Jhar" (Jhad of Hindi means Trees) and "Khand" (land) giving the meaning as "the land of forests"

Jharkhand was erstwhile a part of Bihar and for administrative convenience, of November 2000; it was given the status of a separate state of Eastern India. The State is surrounded by

History of Jharkhand:

A peek into the historical literature of Gautam Kumar Bera (page 33 of Bera's book), gives the information on t he history of Jharkhand. The book makes a mention that the State was of existence even before the Magadha Empire and was known as Kukara during the Mughal's reign. The Bhavishya Purana, 1200 AD has references to the Jharkhand area. It is believed that the tribal there owned vast farmlands and were known as Munda Rajas. Some of these sects are of existence even today.
After the Mughal empire, the area came under the British India of the year 1765 and was formally came to be known as the "land of Jhadis (bushes) Jharkhand. Lodh Falls, rocky plateaus of Chita Nagpur Plateau, Santhal Pargans and rolling hills Jharkhand gives a picturesque beauty with evergreen forests.

About a century before the Indian revolt of 1857 against the British raj, the people of Jharkhand had been revolting against the East India Company. The revolt was traced back to the year 1765 soon after colonization of the area by British. The resistance from these people became a series of revolts that resulted of the great revolt of 1857.

Economy Of Jharkhand:

Jharkhand being rich of minerals, produce approximately 70% of the output of Combined Bihar State. As per the statistics of the year 2000, the gross domestic product of Jharkhand stood at $ 14 billion, which is expected to rise substantially of coming years.

Separation Of State:

Always since India got independence, the Jharkhand people started to demand for a separate stae for themselves. The exclusive civilization of the people there and the political disturbances caused the evolution of the  new State Jharkhand on 15th November 2000. The people's movements for separation fo the State was mainly due to inefficient political resources and non-influential policies of their favour. The development policy of Indian Government failed big time to satisfy the Jharkhandi identity and their socio-economic needs. The movement was encouraged not only by the adivasis there, but also non-adivasis who were equally suffering from the disadvantaged societal groups.  Though a separate State was formed, the demand for a Greater Jharkhand comprising of

  1. tribe dominated districts of Keonjhar , Mayurbhanj,  Deogarh and Sundargarh of Orissa
  2. Midnapore , Purulia and Bankura districts of West Bengal
  3. Koriya, Jashpur and Surguja districts of Chhattisgarh state

remained independent from being clubbed into Greater Jharkhand.  Presently the Jharkhand is a state with 18 districts of Bihar.

Climate And Geography:

The upper watersheds of Koel, Damodar and Brahmani rivers lie within the Jharkhand state. The chota Nagpur plateau is covered by forest and Jharkhand laying on this Plateau support the wild life of tigers and Asian Elephants.
One can find fertilse soil here formed out of rock disintegration and the soil found here is mostly Micacious soil, Black soil and Red soil.

Cuisine Of Jharkhand:

Rice is the staple food of people of Jharkhand and people seldom make use of spices here. The food habits vary largely as people from different parts of India reside here. Rotis, Dhuska and Dudhauri are different varities made by people here from rice.

Litti choka made of Rice is available of every nook and corner of the State and also Dhuska made of rice and pulses is famous. This Dhuska is served with aaloo curry or mutton curries for extra flavor.
Flowers are also used of cooking food as alternative to vegetables by the people here. Jhirool and drumstick flowers are some of the vegetables here. Maad jhor is one such cuisine which is alternative to daal of South India and is made by boiling leafy vegetables of the starch left after cooking rice. People also use leafy vegetables like palak, methi, beng, Gendhari etc as vegetables called "saag".

Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Jharkhand

Male Population : 41509827
Female Population : 39067355
Total Population : 80577182
Details of Geographical Information About Jharkhand
State Name: Jharkhand
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Jharkhand, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Jharkhand
List of Related Utilities of Jharkhand on Detailsofindia.com