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Informations about State(Jammu & Kashmir) of India

Jammu and Kashmir is the most beautiful state of India, situated at the top most northern part. Many poets and writers have described this place as heaven on earth. It consists of three different regions Kashmir valley, Laddakh and the Jammu. This state has two capitals for two seasons, Jammu for winter and Srinagar for summer. The art and culture of this state is truly amazing and fantastic. The hand woven clothes and handicraft are renowned all over the country. The main places of attraction here are Shalimar Gardens and beautiful water lakes with Shikara’s and houseboat. Ladakh in Kashmir region has Buddhist monasteries and temples. Vaishno Devi, an important Hindu pilgrimage spot also lies here.

Established: 10/26/1947
Capital: Jammu (winter), Srinagar (summer)
Largest city: Srinagar
Districts: 22
Government Body: Governor - Narinder Nath Vohra, Chief Minister - Omar Abdullah (NC)
Legislature: Bicameral (89 + 36 seats
Parliamentary constituencies: 6
High Court: Srinagar high court
Region Total: 222,236 km2 (85,805.8 sq mi)
Region rank: 6th 
Population 2011: 12,548,926
Population Density: 56.5/km2 (146.2/sq mi)
Time zone: IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code: IN-JK
HDI: 0.601 (medium)
HDI rank: 17th (2005)
Literacy: 66.7% (21st)
Official Website: http://jammukashmir.nic.in/
Official languages: Urdu, Kashmiri, Dogri

One of the northeastern states with specification, Jammu & Kashmir attains new identity of India. Larger part of it is Himalayan Mountains making it wonderful tourist destination. This state is bordered by other states Himachal Pradesh and Punjab from southern side while the China and Pakistan-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan surround as international borders from north, east and northwestern regions respectively.

Present day Jammu & Kashmir state of India is the 60% area of the former Princely Kashmir State while 30% is under the control of neighbouring Pakistan called Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Kashmir. China took hold of 10% of this state by occupying it of 1962. The state faces boundary dispute since its acceding.

History:

India's Jammu and Kashmir state was integral part of erstwhile Princely State of Kashmir & Jammu prior to country's independence. It is a historic region still having dispute among India, Pakistan and China. The state is referred to as Indian-occupied Kashmir (IoK) by Pakistan that still claims the territory belongs to it. Many international agencies including the United Nations declare it Indian-administered Kashmir to be ruled by the Indian Union.

Three significant regions Jammu, Kashmir valley and Ladakh areas comprise of present Jammu & Kashmir state. The state is administered from summer capital Srinagar and winter capital Jammu. Kashmir valley is wonderful mountainous landscape whereas Hindu shrines of Jammu make it sought after pilgrimage place for the followers of Hinduism. Third region, Ladakh showcases Buddhist civilization and often denotes with the term Little Tibet.

While the British rule was concluding of the subcontinent of 1947 princely state of Kashmir, ruled by Hari Singh, was of the verge of merging with either proposed Pakistani or Indian side whose leaders mutually agreed that princely states would have rights to merge with anyone of them or to remain independent of special case. Kashmir ruler stayed aloof initially but sooner approached the Governor-General Louis Mountbatten for support who perused him to accede to India of lieu of possible supports offered. The Maharaja signed Instrument of Accession on October 25, 1947 which finally executed on October 27, 1947.

Culture:

The valleys Kashmir, Tawi, Chenab, Poonch, Sind and Lidder of Jammu & Kashmir keep it on the top holiday destinations. Varieties of elevations make the state diversified location. Famous Himalayan River Jhelum flows from beginning to end Kashmir valley. Other rivers Indus, Tawi, Ravi and Chenab and Himalayan glaciers are worth seeing. Siachen Glacier at 70 km with average 5,753 meters altitude above sea-level is extensiveest one.

Rugged topography of Jammu & Kashmir makes its climate diverse. Southern Jammu sees monsoonal climate so receives 40 to 50 mm rain. It is hot place with approximately 40 C summers and heavy rainfall.

Muslims are most significantity communities of Jammu & Kashmir state with 67% population of this state (97% inhabitants of Kashmir valley are Muslims). Buddhists, Hindus and Sikhs are of sizeable numbers. Almost 65% of Jammu inhabitants are Hindus, 31% are Muslims and Sikhs comprise of 4%. Population of Buddhists constitutes nearly 46% of Ladakh. Total population of Hindus is therefore nearly 30% and Buddhists 1% besides 2% Sikhs. Principal languages spoken of Jammu & Kashmir state are Kashmiri, Urdu, Dogri, Pahari, Balti, Ladakhi, Gojri, Shina and Pashto. Urdu is official language but Hindi and English are two communicative languages.

It is India's top tourist destination which receives visitors from more or less the world. Its popular ski resort destination Gulmarg is famous and houses highest green golf course of the world. Indo-Tibetan civilization has gained immense popularity here. Houseboats civilization seeks attention of holidaymakers who feel the ascent of Kashmiri lifestyle.

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Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Jammu & Kashmir

Male Population : 6199238
Female Population : 5488438
Total Population : 11687676
Details of Geographical Information About Jammu & Kashmir
State Name: Jammu & Kashmir
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Jammu & Kashmir, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Jammu & Kashmir
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