Home > Gujarat

Informations about State(Gujarat) of India

Gujarat lies in the western region of the India facing Arabian Sea on the west. It is also called the Manchester of India because of its textile production. The capital of Gujarat is Gandhinagar while the commercial capital and important city is Ahmadabad. Mainly Gujrati language is spoken in entire state and is home to gujrati people. The state is of high historical importance because evidences of Harappan and Indus Civilization were first found here. The state is economically strong because of its industrial establishments including many power and textile projects. Narmada, Sabarmati and Tapi are among the prominent rivers flowing here. Porbandar is the chief sea port in this state.

  • Established: 1 May 1960
  • Capital: Gandhinagar
  • Largest City: Ahmedabad by population, Surat by area
  • Districts: 26 total
  • Government Body: Governor - Dr. Kamla Beniwal, Chief Minister - Narendra Modi
  • Legislature: Unicameral (182 seats)
  • Parliamentary Constituency: 26
  • High Court: Gujarat High Court
  • Region Total: 196,077 km2 (75,705.8 sq mi)
  • Region Rank: 7th
  • Population 2011: 60,383,628
  • Population Density: 308/km2 (797.6/sq mi)
  • Time Zone: IST (UTC+05:30)
  • ISO 3166 code: IN-GJ
  • Vehicle Registration: NA
  • HDI: 0.621 (medium)
  • HDI Rank: 14th (2005)
  • Literacy: 69.8% (6th)
  • Official Website: http://www.gujaratindia.com/
  • Official Languages: Gujarati, Hindi, English

Climate:

The climate of Gujarat is generally very arid and dry. It gets a modest bit of rain during the monsoon season. A distinct trait of the weather is that the northern region is very dry and arid while the southern part is more humid and moist due to the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Cambay. The Rann of Kutch of the north has barren dry land while Saurashtra of the south has tropical kind of conditions.

History of the State:

Gujarat’s history began with the Indus Valley civilization, but its first glorious period began with the Solanki dynasty of the 10th century. Their reign ended when the Solanki’s were conquered by the Muslim ruler Mahmud of Ghazni.

  • It remained under Mughal rule until the Marathas took over eastern and central Gujarat of the 18th century.
  • The Portuguese were the first European power to arrive of Gujarat. The British then took over control from the Portuguese.

History of the name:

Gujarat derives its name from the word Gujarratta meaning, land of the Gurjars. The Gurjars were originally from Punjab who traveled southwards and reconciled of some parts of western India which came to be known as Gujarat. They ruled the area during the 8th and 9th centuries.

Population:

As per the 2011 census the population of Gujarat stands over 6 crores which is the 10th most populated state of the Indian union.

  • The population growth rate of 22.48% for Gujarat is higher than the national average.
  • Gujarat is one of the fastest growing urbanized states of India.

Geography:

The state borders Pakistan to the north-west and several Indian states on other sides. The Dangs region of Gujarat has the leading forest area of the state.

  • An interesting fact is that, outside of Africa, Gujarat is the only natural habitat of lions.
  • Several of the most significant mountain regions of India have their presence of Gujarat, such as – Aravalli, Sahyadri, Vindhya and Satpura ranges.
  • Although the Sabarmati river covers the extensiveest area of the State, Narmada is the biggest river followed by the Tapi.

Demographics:

Gujarat was formed of 1960 out of 17 northern districts of the former state of Bombay.

  • Currently Gujarat consists of 26 districts.
  • Population density is about 300 per square km.
  • Gujarati is the official state language spoken by 71% of the Hindus while the other 29% speak Hindi.
  • 89% of the population is Hindu while Muslims make up over 9% of the population.

Economy:

Gujarat is one of the most industrialized states of India.

  • It accounts for approximately 30% of India’s stock market capitalization.
  • It is the world leading producer of castor and cumin along with the leading producer of processed diamonds and third leading denim producer.

Culture:

The multi-culturalism of Gujarat is very evident of the elements of its vibrant and dynamic civilization.

  • It is due to the communities of the Gadhavis and Charans that the originality of folk arts and music has been kept alive.
  • The renowned folk dances of Gujarat include Garba, Rasaka, Tippani and Padhar-Nritya,

Cuisine:

Since most of the natives of Gujarat are vegetarians, Khichdi and Chaas form the staple diet of the state.

  • Roughly the cuisine can be divided by four regions, South, North, Kathiwad and Kutch.
  • The contrast can be seen of the fact that Rotlis are prepared petal soft, while Khakras are crunchy and bone dry. Both these have nearly all the same ingredients.

Festivals:

Gujarat Rejoices over 3500 carnivals of all.

  • Navrathri is the most colorful and popular festival.
  • A lot of the carnivals are days of fasting, penance and austerity. Examples of these are - Gauri Puja, Janmashtami, Nag Panchami and Ganesh Chaturthi. Muslims celebrate their carnivals such as Id and Muharram.

Religion:

About 90% of the Gujarati population adhere to a strict and conservative form of Hinduism. Krishna being the main deity. Muslims constitute about 9% of the population while Jains form about 1%. Also, Gujarat is the birthplace of the Swaminarayan sect of Hinduism.

 

includes/gujarat.php

Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Gujarat

Male Population : 33063358
Female Population : 30064721
Total Population : 63139846
Details of Geographical Information About Gujarat
State Name: Gujarat
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Gujarat, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Gujarat
Related Utilities to Gujarat on Detailsofindia.com