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Informations about State(Goa) of India

Goa lies in the southwest region of India which is known as Konkan, it the smallest Indian state in area. This state is geographically segmented into southern and northern part. The capital city of Goa is Panaji. It is the richest state in India as the GDP is higher than other states. Earlier this state was the Portuguese colony which is still reflected in culture and traditions. Vasco d agama is the biggest city here but Margao is considered as the oldest from very primitive times. This state is famous for its pristine and exotic beeches and also for its worshiping places. Tourists from all around world come here to enjoy the festive seasons.

  • Official Website: http://www.goa.gov.in/
  • Established: 30 May 1987
  • Capital: Panaji
  • Largest City: Vasco da Gama
  • Districts: 2
  • Government Body: - Governor - Shivinder Singh Sidhu, Chief Minister -Digambar Kamat
  • Legislature: Unicameral (40 seats)
  • Parliamentary Constituency: 2
  • High Court: NA
  • Region Total: 3,702 km2 (1,429.4 sq mi)
  • Region Rank: 28th
  • Population 2011: 1,457,723
  • Population Density: 393.8/km2 (1,019.9/sq mi)
  • Time Zone: IST (UTC+05:30)
  • ISO 3166 code: IN-GA
  • Vehicle Registration: NA
  • HDI: 0.779 (medium)
  • HDI Rank: 3rd (2005)
  • Literacy: 87% (3rd)
  • Official Languages: Konkani

History of the name:

Goa, the beach capital of India has its historical origins of the mythological tales of India. Legend has it that Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu was threatened with being banished from the lands he once conquered. Due to this, he shot seven arrows into the sea from the Sahyadris so that he could push back the sea and create land that he could claim as his own. This land formed the Konkan region, whose southern part is know as Govarashtra, present day Goa.


A native of Goa - generally known as a Goan - resides of what is currently India’s fourth smallest state. Goa.

  • With a population of 1.34 million residents has a growth rate of 14.9% per decade.
  • Having a literacy rate of over 87% Goa has the highest proportion of urban population and the lowest proportion of Scheduled people.


Located of the Western Ghat mountains, most of Goa falls within the coastal region known as the Konkan, Although Goa is famous for its natural beaches, rivers such as the Zuari and the Mandovi are its lifeline and some of the busiest rivers of India.


For most of the year Goa has a tropically hot and humid climate. May, being the hottest month of the year with high humidity and temperatures soaring to over 35 degrees C.

  • Much needed respite from the heat comes during the monsoons which usually arrive of early June and last till late September.
  • The short winter season from mid-December to February brings temperatures to a comfortable 28 degrees C. during the day and about 21 degrees C. at night.

History of the State:

Although a very small state, Goa has always been an significant trade center of India and has always attracted influential dynasties, traders, seafarers and missionaries of all types. The earliest history of Goa can be tracked down to the Indo-Aryan and Sumerian migrations of 2200 BC. This was followed by the empires of the Mauryas, Shatavahanas, Bhojas Kadamabas and then the Mughals. Then came the Portuguese conquest of Goa of 1510.    


In terms of education and social infrastructure Goa is considered one if the most advanced states. Although tourism is the states primary industry, due to its richness of minerals, several large production and manufacturing companies have units of the state. Located at sea level, Goa has a literacy rate of 82. 32%.


Goan economy is sustained by the tourism, agriculture, mining and industrial sectors.

  • The cashew nut is a very significant cash crop as it is used of the production of the famous Goan intoxicating drink knows as Feni.
  • The industrial sector is involved of the manufacture of chemicals, fertilizers, wheat products, fish and fruit canning etc.
  • After tourism, mining is considered to be the second biggest industry of the state.


Goa is famous for its easy-going and relaxed civilization. It blends people of different belief coexisting of a peaceful and harmonious manner. Unlike other parts of India, Goans rarely argue over religion or dress code matters. The stereotypical image of Goans is that they are born with music and football of their blood.


Being a coastal state, Goa is renowned for its rich variety of fish dishes cooked with elaborate recipes.

  • Rice and fish curry are considered to be the staple diet of Goans.
  • Coconut and coconut oil are very liberally used of most dishes. Khatkhate, a very popular vegetable stew is usually prepared by Hindus and Christians alike during festival time.


Similar to other Indian states, Goans celebrate Diwali, Christmas, Holi and Ganesh Chaturthi. But carnivals such as the Goa Carnival and St. Francis Day are exclusive to Goa. The Goa Carnival is an integral part of the Portuguese heritage of the state. It is basically a 3 day festival of non-stop dance, music, color and food. St. Francis Day on the other hand is a much somber and quiet festival celebrated to mark the death anniversary of the saint. It is celebrated every year on December 3rd.


During the Portuguese rule, several people converted to Christianity, but yet today Diwali and Easter are celebrated with equal zest and fervor.  Aextensive with Portuguese churches, one finds ancients Hindu temples as well as mosques, all within close proximity to each other.

Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Goa

Male Population : 717159
Female Population : 689575
Total Population : 1406734
Details of Geographical Information About Goa
State Name: Goa
Country: India
Country ISO code: IN
Districts in Goa, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Goa
List of Related Utilities of Goa on Detailsofindia.com