Information about Election Commission of India:
Powers and duties of election Commission of India:
The Election Commission enjoys complete autonomy and is insulated from any kind of executive interference. The body also functions as a quasi-judiciary body in matters of electoral disputes and other matters involving the conduct of elections. Its recommendations and opinions are binding on the President of India. However, the decisions of the body are liable for independent judiciary reviews by courts acting on electoral petitions.
The Election Commission is responsible for planning and executing a whole amount of complex operations that go into the conduct of elections, however Election Commission is not responsible for the conduct of local body elections. During the elections, the entire Central (Federal) and State government machinery including para-military forces and the Police is deemed to be on deputation to the Election Commission which takes effective control of personnel, movable and immovable Government Properties it deems necessary for successful completion of the electoral process. Apart from conducting elections to representative bodies, the Election Commission has been on many occasions, called upon by the Courts to oversee and execute elections to various governing bodies of other autonomous organizations, such as Syndicates of Universities, statutory professional bodies, etc.
The following are the principle functions of the Election Commission of India:
- Demarcation of Constituencies.
- Preparation of Electoral Rolls.
- Recognition of Political parties and allotment of symbols.
- Scrutiny of nomination papers.
- Conduct of polls.
- Scrutiny of election expenses of candidates.
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous, quasi-judiciary constitutional body of India. Its mission is to conduct free and fair elections in India. It was established on 25 January 1950 under Article 324 of the Constitution of India.
Until October 1989, there was just one Chief Election Commissioner. In 1989, two Election Commissioners were appointed, but were removed again in January 1990. In 1991, however, the Parliament of India passed a law providing for the appointment of two Election Commissioners. This law was amended and renamed in 1993 as the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners (Conditions of Service) Amendment Act 1993.
The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from his office by Parliament with two-thirds majority in LokSabha and RajyaSabha on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity. The Election Commission shall consist of a Chief Election Commissioner and such other Commissioners as the President may, from time to time, fix. Other Election Commissioner can be removed by the President on the recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner. Salary of chief election commissioner is same as justice of supreme court of India. All three commissioner have same right of taking a decision. Tenure of commissioners is 6 years or up to age of 65, whichever is earlier. The Election Commission of India has completed more than 300 elections.
Official website of Election Commission of India is www.eci.nic.in
Contact Details of Election Commission Of India:
Ashoka Road, New Delhi-110001
Tel: 011-23717391 Fax: 011-23713412
Election Commission of India
* There is no delimitation in the State of Jammu and Kashmir and in the UnionTerritories of Chandigarh,Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Lakshadweep.