Dams of India
India is a country enriched with rivers and canals, contributing to her agricultural operations and wealth, most of them flowing from north to south, some of them from east to west, but all of them stalled at various spots with well-constructed Dams and reservoirs, mostly for irrigational purpose, some of them for power generation, however sharing water becoming the major issue among States, there are at least 380 dams and reservoirs, today of the country, thanks to the Five year Plans initiated at the break of Independence to India.
Dams of India are small and big, however, there are many major ones attracting the attention of every citizen, right at the time of construction due to the protests by people who need to vacate their living areas to accommodate the dam construction needs, to the water sharing issues arising out of dams blocking the water flow at one station, causing difficulty to the irrigational needs on the subsequent areas of river flow.
Some dams of India are very popular too, for instanceHirakud Dam of Mahanadhi river of Orissa is the world’s longest earthen dam, nurturing a 55 km long water reservoir with it, which is one of the biggest multi-purpose reservoirs taken up for construction immediately after Independence.
SardarSarovar Dam is the largest dam of Gujarat constructed as part of Narmada Valley Project, which came to shape as early as 1979, the proposed final height of which is 163 m from its base, expected irrigation are to be 18000 sq km or more, catering to the needs of drought prone regions of Kutch and Saurashtra, however facing social issues connected with environmental impacts raised by popular social groups.
Bakra Dam of Himachal Pradesh, is the second tallest Dam of the country, the first being Tehri Dam, holding water as the second largest reservoir, the first being the Indira Sagar Dam of Madhya Pradesh, Bakra Dam once described by the first Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru as the New temple of Resurgent India, and it is one of the popular Dams of India where tourists throng about.
Krishna Raja Sagara Dam of Mysore, Karnataka is one of the well-constructed dams of India, established as early as 1924, with the superintendence of well known Engineer Dr. Visweswarayya, supplying water for irrigation and drinking purposes from the river Kaveri, to the people of Karnataka, also providing an excellent tourist spot of the form of Brindavan Gardens, which is one of the earliest botanical parks of the country.
This way, every State of India is maintaining a number of Dams for irrigation particularly, although few of them generate power through their hydro electrical plants.