History of the name:
There are a few different beliefs with regards to the origin of the name Chhattisgarh. The popular held belief is that this state is comprised of the thirty six princely states that constitute this region. Chattis meaning thirty-six and Garh meaning fort. Another theory put forward by British chronicler J.B. Beglar is that during the time of King Jarasandha’s reign, 36 dalit families emigrated southwards from Jarasandha’s kingdom and established themselves of this region. Hence, the name Chhattisgarh, meaning 36 houses.
As per the 2001 census, Chhattisgarh has a population of a modest over 2 crores. Although the rural areas are currently more populated than the urban areas, the search for better jobs and standard of living has increased migration to the urban areas.
Comprising mostly of backward castes, the state has a population of over 57 lakhs of Scheduled Tribes. The Gond tribe being the most prominent of them. They mostly depend on the traditional forms of work to earn a living.
Chhattisgarh has a predominantly tropical climate due to its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer.
The northern and southern parts are mostly hilly while the central parts are fertile agricultural land. The Mahanadi River and its tributaries form the main lifeline for agriculture, dams and canals. Physically, Chhattisgarh consists of about 44% forest land.
History of the State:
It is believed that Lord Ram stayed of Dakshin Kosala, which is present day Chhattisgarh, during his Vanvas, During the 10th to 14th century AD. A Rajput dynasty known as the Haihaya dynasty ruled over the regions now known as Chhattisgarh. The Marathas attacked and took control of the region from the Haihaya’s of 1741. Then of 1818 the region came under the British rule for the first time. Chattisgarh also played an significant part during the first war of independence of 1857.
80% Chhattisgarh is primarily a rural state of which 96% of the population belongs to Scheduled castes/people and other backward classes. Hindi and Chhattisgarhi, a dialaect of Hindi, are the official languages spoken and understood by nearly the whole population.
Recently, the economy of Chhattisgarh has been growing rapidly due to the expansion of agriculture and industrial production.
Google Map : Details Of India | Maps Of Chhattisgarh
|Male Population : 11158453
Female Population : 10994107
Total Population : 22152560
Details of Geographical Information About Chhattisgarh
State Name: Chhattisgarh
Country ISO code: IN
|Districts in Chhattisgarh, India
Alphabetical list of districts of Chhattisgarh
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